Lilium martagon – Martagon lilies.
A native to central Europe it is commonly known as the Turk’s cap lily based
on the highly reflexed tepals.
There are two recognised varieties (L. martagon var. martagon and var. pilosiusculum)
and many that are not officially recognised.
Bulbs with erect stems up to 1.5 m high form clumps.
Lanceolate leaves, in whorls along the stems, are up to 11 cm long by 2 cm wide.
There are small bracts with white hairs.
Inflorescences are often narrow and cylindrical.
There are up to 30 (50) nodding flowers along the upper half of the stems.
The usually small flowers face downwards or occasionally outwards.
Each flower has 6 thick, glossy, narrowly elliptic tepals up to about 4 cm long.
The tepals are typically very reflexed but some are less so.
The edges are usually smooth.
There are nectaries with minute papillae at the tepal base.
L. martagon has pale to deep pink tepals.
Hybrids can have white, yellow, red, orange or pink tepals.
There are usually numerous deep purple spots over most of each tepal.
The 6 stamens are about 3 mm long.
The ovary is 9 mm long with a very short style about 1.5 mm long.
The fruit is a capsule.